Good Luck to Myself

Monday, December 18, 2006

Literature review

The most important belief in Buddhism is mercy (Tzu Chi Monthly, Oct. 2006). Everything in the world, human, animals, and environment, is equal. All human are one part of the world much more help each other. We live in the same globe, breathing the same air and standing on the same earth. The lives of us are related with others.The same idea from the following sentence is from the book of NGO (non-government organization). Michael P. Todaro,
The world is like the human body; if one part aches,
the rest will feel it; if many parts hurt, the whole will
suffer.
Therefore, the thought, all creatures living in the same boat and tightly connected each other, are the same idea by coincidence between the western society and the eastern society nowadays.
Master Cheng Yen is the major leader of Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation. She not only built up Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation to practice the Buddhist teaching in the daily life, but also enlightenment many people to contribute their own power to the society. As we know that Tzu Chi Foundation consists of various volunteers, they dedicate their leisure time to serve people (Feng, 1993).
In the society, most common people consider that worship is in order to earn more money and have a long life-span; nevertheless the spirit of Buddhism is to learn the good behavior of Buddhist as well as practice it in the daily life. As many of the Tzu Chi commissioners shared, they saw a suffering person like they were suffering at the same time. Commissioners would commiserate poor people and console victims (Chang, 2001).
Take the 921 Earthquake as an example, Tzu Chi volunteers arrived at the scene spontaneously and immediately. After that, Tzu Chi Foundation adopts fifty-two schools to rebuild. In each catastrophe, Tzu Chi Foundation carries out the short-term, mid-term, and long-term plans (Pon, 2006).
Otherwise, because of the teaching from Master Cheng Yen, many commissioners mention that after joining Tzu Chi, they change lots of bad habits being re-born people. Master Cheng Yen also tells commissioners that they are seeds of hope. They have responsibility and mission to spread Tzu Chi spirit to society, achieving the world peace (Wu, 1995).Tzu Chi spirit includes inside and outside: the sincerity, integrity, trust and honesty interiorly; the kindness, compassion, joy and unselfish giving exteriorly. The core of Tzu Chi spirit is based on Great Love and gratitude (Tzu Chi website).
In other words, participating in Tzu Chi Foundation, volunteers are learning to be a living Buddhist, not just be a person who studies Buddhism (Chang, 2001). Religion is a kind of invisible spirit which provides people love and power. Tzu Chi members in oversea also obey to the same rule of service. Ho is one of the members doing service in Tzu Chi’s Canada beachhead. Ho contributes his power and promotes other newcomers to help the poor as well as educate the rich through social service. He said that the charity principle of Tzu Chi is that the donated money is only used in the poor. All the disbursement of administration is paid by volunteers, without applying (Wood, 1996).
According to Su’s article, (1984), she cited the theory from histology that people, organization and environment affect each other. After she did the survey, she concluded that not only personal characters are highly related to serving but also volunteer organization influences on volunteers in emotion and behavior, and closely on whole working condition as well as outcome. In connection with personal characters, members are more pious to the religion; the identification toward organizational culture is higher than those without religion (Wong, 1999).
Religious sentiment is one of the power motivations to do social service through eight missions in Tzu Chi Foundation. Even though Tzu Chi does not emphasize on the religious belief or does not preach religion painstakingly, the belief and behavior of Master Cheng Yen, for many Tzu Chi members, especially certificated volunteers, this invisible and stable power from Master Cheng Yen is a sign to face social critics (Lee, 2002).
That is matching with Yon’s research (Yon, 2003). She mentions about the charisma leadership in her research paper. According to her paper, the religious enthusiasm which means the leaders in religious NGO or non-religious NGO belong to charisma. Most of the followers in religious groups are not only identified the leader’s instruction, but also live up to their daily life.
In Wu’s article, publishing in 1995, he compared with three NGO in Taiwan, including Tzu Chi, World Vision, and United Way, finding that they use the common strategy “emblem” in order to attract more people to involving the groups. One of the symbols of Tzu Chi Foundation is Master Cheng Yen. That accounts for some people becoming volunteers out of Master Cheng Yen.
Differentiating from Wu’s research, Pong (1994) stated that whole Tzu Chi members construct the common, meaningful symbol to make their lives lightly. Symbol in this part could be object, action, thought, or language form, arousing human’s emotion then doing actions.
One strategy about volunteer management is brought up by Lu (2001), including organization mission, internal organization culture, external volunteer marketing, strategy of volunteer management and working. Through his research, we know that volunteers in Tzu Chi Foundation are followed above all mentioned rules in order to promote Tzu Chi’s eight missions. Tzu Chi Hospital is one of the places to deliver people’s suffering from poorness and sickness. Volunteers take care of patients with love, console patients with mercy. Not only serve the needed poor people but also enlighten rich people (Ho, 1992).
Anyway, Tzu Chi Foundation blooming nowadays attributes to non-corporate organizations from group values and charisma of Master Cheng Yen herself (Feng, 1993).

introduction

There are many NGOs (non-government organizations) that do humanitarian aid in the world. The largest religious NGO in Taiwan is Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation which has been established for forty years since 1966 (Douglas, 2003). Dharma Master Cheng Yen is the founder of Tzu Chi Foundation. Tzu Chi members observe the Master’s teachings, follow her steps, and diligently carry out the eight Tzu Chi missions of charity, medicine, education, culture, bone marrow donation, international relief, environmental protection, and community volunteers. The number of Tzu Chi member has grown to over millions compared to only thirty members in the beginning (Tzu Chi, 2006). It is generally believed that Master Cheng Yen influences numerous people to contribute their lives to help poor people in the society (Tu, 2006).
Germen sociologist Max Weber (Chung, 2004) coined the term charisma leadership, which he defined as pilgrims who look up to the leader as perfect as god. This theory is used by scholars to explain the blooming phenomenon in Tzu Chi Foundation, too. However, Master Cheng Yen is seventy years old now. In the future, all members in Tzu Chi have to face this issue that Master Cheng Yen would pass away. Would Tzu Chi Foundation exist in the future? Would these volunteers continually dedicate their lives to promote the eight missions in order to deliver all creatures from suffering if Master Cheng Yen would pass away? The purpose of this paper is to find out the loyalty of certificated volunteers, including Tzu Chi commissioners, and Tzu Cheng Faith Corps members. The questionnaires are spread to certificated volunteers in north (Taipei), middle (Taichung), and south (Kaohsiung) of Taiwan during the winter vacation of 2007. These members’ age ranges from 25 to 70 years old. After that, I did data analysis, and discussed what I found. The result proved whether the hypothesis of this paper is correct or not.

Sunday, November 26, 2006

draft introduction

There are many NGOs (non-government organizations) to do humanitarian aid in the world. The largest religious NGO in Taiwan is Tzu Chi Foundation which has been forty years since 1966. Dharma Master Cheng Yen is the founder of Tzu Chi Foundation. Tzu Chi members observe the Master’s teachings, follow her steps, and diligently carry out the eight Tzu Chi missions of charity, medicine, education, culture, bone marrow donation, international relief, environmental protection, and community volunteers. The number of Tzu Chi member has grown to over millions compared to only thirty members in the beginning. It is generally believed that Master Cheng Yen influences numerous people to contribute their lives to help poor people in the society.

Sociologist Max Weber coined the term of charisma leadership, meaning pilgrims are look up to the leader as perfect as god. This theory is used by scholars to explain the blooming phenomenon in Tzu Chi Foundation, too. However, Master Cheng Yen is seventy years old now. I am curious that if Tzu Chi Foundation continues after Master Cheng Yen passes away. Will these volunteers continually dedicate their lives to promote the eight missions to work on peace? The purpose of this paper is to find out the loyalty of certificated volunteers, including Tzu Chi commissioners and Tzu Cheng Faith Corps members, and to give some suggestions about the Tzu Chi organization at the end of the paper. The questionnaires are spread to certificated volunteers in north, middle, and south of Taiwan. I predicate the result of members contributing to Tzu Chi Foundation in fifty-fifty chance. In other words, Tzu Chi Foundation keeps going but not thriving as nowadays.

Sunday, November 19, 2006

new methodology

This paper will look into the volunteers’ thought about Master Chen Yen passing away in the future. This paper tries to find out that the Tzu Chi Foundation will exist or not after Master Chen Yen passing away. In this paper, I will do questionnaire survey. The subjects will be the volunteers who have certification in Tzu Chi. The age is range 25 to 70 years old. The number of questionnaires is100 as well as the area including north, middle, south of Taiwan. I will spend two weeks on doing questionnaire on winter vacation of 2007. After that, I will do data analysis, findings and discussion.

paraphrase

1. On Master Cheng Yen’s advice, Ho has dedicated most of his time sine moving to Canada to establishing a North American beachhead for Cheng’s ideas as Tzu Chi literature puts it: To serve the needy and enlighten the rich.” There is certainly no shortage of needy in his adopted country. Ho’s example, meanwhile, has inspired an impressive number of other prosperous newcomers to share his vision of enlightenment through community service. Ho emphasizes that every dollar his members raise is spent directly on charity; members bear the cost of the group’s administration out of their own pockets. (Wood, C.)

In Wood, Chris’ article, Enlightenment Through Service, retrieved October 20, 2006, discusses the example of Ho who doing service in Tzu Chi’s Canada beachhead. Ho contributes his power and promotes other newcomers to help the poor as well as educate the rich through social service. He said that the principle charity of Tzu Chi is that the donated money is used in the poor directly. The disbursement of administration is paid by volunteers themselves.

2. 非營利事業的領導者幾乎都屬於魅力型,不管是宗教團體或非宗教團體,領導魅力的主要來源是宗教式的熱誠。宗教團體更不用說,因為該領導者對教義的闡揚有獨到之處,信徒對於他的說教認同,連帶的也對於其他的生活見解信任,因此,完全無條件尊奉他的指示與領導。(楊繡勳,2003)

In her article, Yon, Sho Shin, Tzu Chi Strategy Research of Internationalization for non-profit Religious Organizations in Taiwan—Example of Tzu Chi Foundation, publishing in 2003, due to the religious enthusiasm, the leaders in religious NGO or non-religious NGO belong to charisma. The followers in religious groups are not only identified the leader’s instruction, but also live up to their daily life.

3. 宗教情操是一個很重要的動力。雖然慈濟在國際援助的過程中,並沒有刻意強調宗教教義的闡釋或者肩負傳教的使命,但對許多慈濟人而言,證嚴法師及其所持的信念,的確是其在面對外界質疑的力量來源。(李幼嵐, 2002)

In Lee, Yo Lan’s article, The Activities of International Aid of NGO in Taiwan—Tzu Chi, publishing in 2002, religious sentiment is one of the important power to do social service through international relief in Tzu Chi. Even though Tzu Chi does not emphasis on the religious belief or does not preach religion painstakingly, the belief and behavior of Master Cheng Yen, for many Tzu Chi people, becomes the major spirit power to face the others critics.

Sunday, November 05, 2006

revise proposal

A Case Study:The Outcome and Meaning of the International Assistance of Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation



By Christina Hsu
Submitted to
Aiden Yeh






Wenzao Ursuline College of Languages
Abstract
There are many NGOs (non-government organizations) to do humanitarian aid in the world. Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation is a big religious NGO in Taiwan. Why does Tzu Chi also provide international assistance? After Tzu Chi started the international assistance, what are the meaning and outcomes of doing international assistance? Who gets the profit? Is it possible that the world peace come true?
Therefore, this research paper will collect all information from books, research paper and so on about large-scale international assistances activities of Tzu Chi, such as China Assistance, 911 Assistance, Katrina Assistance, and Indonesia Tsunami Assistance. After that, I will try to find out the main belief of Buddhism, analyze these cases, and give suggestions about international assistance. It will include three points about outcomes and meaning, and two suggestions for international assistance.

Introduction
Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation has provided a lot of international assistances for fifteen years. I am curious about what Tzu Chi did and what people are influenced. Being a big religious NGO organization, Tzu Chi is a stable power to society. Trying find out the outcomes and meaning of assistance, I will first focus on what the deep power providing Tzu Chi to do international assistance. What is the mainstream belief? This is also discussed in one part of this paper. Then, what these outcomes and meaning is the main point discussion in this research paper. Finally, the two suggestions will be stated in the paper.

Statement of the Problem
1. What is the mainstream belief of Buddhism? Is it possible that the world peace come true?
2. What outcomes and meaning does Tzu Chi provide international assistance?
3. How to do the belief of helping and educating poor people and educating rich people?

Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to find out the meaning and outcomes of Tzu Chi doing international assistances. After that, I will give suggestions. The meaning and outcomes will be included three points which are self-accomplishment, promotion of world peace, and invisible diplomacy. Finally, the suggestions will be included two points which are professional workers’ training of Tzu Chi Foundation and seek the local government’s support.

Literature Review
This study will begin on Maggie Black’s book. (2003) (Hsu Heng Shu translate (2005). This book divides four parts of international development. I will mention the first part which is the beginning and definition of international development because the international development is related to the international assistance. After understanding the beginning of NGO’s international assistance, I will focus on the six characters of NGO which is mentioned in Chung Pei Sin’s research paper (2004).
The second part of the paper, I will enter the Tzu Chi’s international assistance history, which talks about the beginning of Tzu Chi Foundation and when Tzu Chi Foundation started to do international assistance. Lin Mei Ling (2004) together with how the organization does the policy-decision to international assistance. In other professor’s research paper, Yon Sho Shin (2003), the author mentions the process, the principles, and five strategy forms of international assistance of Tzu Chi. After that, in Cho Su Chang’s article from magazine (2005, December), the author says that the process of assistance in Indonesia tsunami and what Tzu Chi provides and comforts is mentioned in the article. In Tzu Chi Monthly, the author Pon Shan (2006 April) mentions three steps which means short-term plan, mid-term plan, and long-term plan in disaster assistance.
Lee Yo Lan (2002) mentions that the activities of international assistance in Tzu Chi and tries to find out the outcomes and effects of international assistance after she did the survey. In discussion part, Wu Mei Huei, Wu Zung Yon, Wu Sin Sian (1995), the book is talking about the system and theory of volunteers related to the cause and inner motivation of being volunteers. This part will explain how the victims of tsunami become the volunteers who help other victims.

The Design-Methods and Procedures
This research paper will adopt method of information collection. I will collect all information about Tzu Chi Foundation done in the area of international assistance, including China Assistance, 911 Assistance, Katrina Assistance, and Indonesia Tsunami Assistance. After that, I will try to find out and analyze what outcomes and meaning after Tzu Chi provide assistances as well as the suggestions about international assistances of Tzu Chi.

Results
Self-accomplishment, world peace, and invisible diplomacy will be the main points of outcomes and meaning. In addition, professional workers’ training of Tzu Chi Foundation and seek the local government’s support are brought up to improve the international assistance. And the world peace may be come true.

Limitations
I think the best way of doing research paper is to involve in the situation about international assistance. That will discover more questions and the point of view will be deeper than what I just collect all information to analyze.

Significance of the Study
There are two points of contribution in this research paper. First, it will encourage people who work in international assistance and give them some suggestions to do better in the future. Second, I hope that this paper will enlightenment more people to help suffering people.
References
1. Chung Pei Sin. 2004. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/service/detail_result.jsp
2. Cho Su Chang. (2005, December). The follow-up Report:After Indonesia Tsunami. (pp. 147-161) Taipei:Rhythms Publishing Co.
3. Lee Yo Lan. 2002. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/site/sh/detail_result.jsp?id=090NTU02227012
4. Lin Mei Ling. 2004. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/service/detail_result.jsp
5. Maggie Black. (2003) (Hsu Heng Shu translate (2005). The No-Nonsense Guide to International Development. Taipei:Bookman Publishing Co.
6. Pon Shan. (2006 April). Tzu Chi Forty Years Report. (pp. 26~55). Taipei:Chong Hua Publishing Co.
7. Wu Mei Huei, Wu Zung Yon, Wu Sin Sian. (1995). The Theory and Practice of Volunteers System. Taipei:Psychology Publishing Co.
8. Yon Sho Shin. 2003. Tzu Chi Strategy Research of Internationalization for non-profit Religious Organizations in Taiwan—Example of Tzu Chi Foundation. Retrieved June 6, 2003, from eThesys Online:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/service/ft_result.jsp?FT=Y&id=091NHU05698032

Sunday, October 29, 2006

topic outline

I. Introduction
一、What is foreign assistance and religious NGO
二、the history of foreign assistance(including principles and belief)
A. religious NGO: Tzu Chi Foundation
B. non religious NGO :Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Border)
II. assistance activities in case study
一、Indonesia Tsunami
A. What does religious NGO do?
B. What does non-religious NGO do?
C. short follow-up conclusion
二、Katrina
A. What does religious NGO do?
B. What does non-religious NGO do?
C. short follow-up conclusion

III. Conclusion
一. The whole influence and outcome analysis
A. goods and materials
B. minds
二. To indicate what situation does the religious play

Monday, October 23, 2006

proposal

Abstract

The religious is a kind of spirit which provides people love and power, but it is invisible. After Indonesia tsunami, many NGOs (Non-government organizations) assist victims in Indonesia, Ache Province. The processing of rebuild is hard and difficult, but the victims of tsunami feel hope and rebuilding their home step by step after one year. Therefore, this research paper will discuss what the difference providing assistances by religious NGO and non-religious NGO are and what the influence and outcome of providing assistances are.


Purpose Statement

There are many NGOs (non-government organizations) to do humanitarian aid in the world. I am curious about what the different assistance procedures and outcomes between religious NGOs and non-religious NGOs do. What influences will come after they assist victims? Therefore, this project will discuss the influence and outcome of the international assistances by religious NGO (Tzu Chi) and non-religious NGO (Medecins Sans Frontieres) in case study. Through this research, I will compare the procedures, outcomes and influences on victims by religious NGO and victims by non-religious NGO. I assume that it provides more enlightenment influence on victims by religious NGO than by non-religious NGO.


Literature Review

This study will begin on Maggie Black’s book. (2003) (Hsu Heng Shu translate (2005). This book divides four parts of international development. I will mention the first part which is the beginning and definition of international development because the international development is related to the international assistance. After understanding the beginning of NGO’s international assistance, I will focus on the six characters of NGO which is mentioned in Chung Pei Sin’s research paper. (2004).
The second part of the paper, I will enter the Tzu Chi’s international assistance history, which talks about the beginning of Tzu Chi Foundation and when Tzu Chi Foundation started to do international assistance. Lin Mei Ling (2004) together with how the organization does the policy-decision to international assistance. Chung Pei Sin. (2004). In other professor’s research paper, Yon Sho Shin (2003), the author mentions the process and the principles of international assistance of Tzu Chi. After that, in Cho Su Chang’s article from magazine (2005, December), the author says that the process of assistance in Indonesia tsunami and what Tzu Chi provides and comforts is mentioned in the article.
At the same month of magazine, Yeh Sin Huei (2005, December), describes what MSF( Medecins Sans Frontieres in French, Doctors Without Borders in English), a Non-religious NGO, did in the world and how and what they mobilize in Indonesia to assist victims of tsunami by housing, water, food, and so on. In Jong, K., Prosser, S., & Ford, N. (2005), the article “Addressing Psychosocial Needs in the Aftermath of the Tsunami.”, the authors describe what assistance and actions MSF provide to victims during the Indonesia tsunami. This non-religious organization will be compared with the religious organization.
Lee Yo Lan (2002) mentions that the activities of international assistance in Tzu Chi and tries to find out the outcomes and effects of international assistance after she did the survey. In discussion part, Wu Mei Huei, Wu Zung Yon, Wu Sin Sian (1995), the book is talking about the system and theory of volunteers related to the cause and inner motivation of being volunteers. This part will explain how the victims of tsunami become the volunteers who help other victims.



Description of research methods

This research paper will adopt method of information collection, observation and in-depth interviews. I will collect information about Tzu Chi Foundation and MSF done in the area of international assistance, especially in Indonesia Tsunami. To observe what materials they provide to victims in the tsunami and the follow-up plans to victims. On the other hand, I will do depth interviews to get more primary information. To test my hypothesis, more enlightenment from victims by religious NGO than by non-religious NGO, is true or not.

Monday, October 16, 2006

Annotated bibliography from books or magazines

1.Maggie Black. (2003) (Hsu Heng Shu translate (2005). The No-Nonsense Guide to International Development. Taipei:Bookman Publishing Co. It divides four parts of international development. The first part tells us the beginning and definition of international development. The second part is the political competition people who get profits with people who are weak groups. The third is the advantage and disadvantage of economic development and social development. Finally, the targets of international development are in the future. The targets of international develpment will give the NGOs direction of future.

2. Tong Guei Shan. (2006, January). NGO report: The Spirit of Mercy Corps. PP.128-145.Taipei:Rhythms Publishing Co. In this article, the author describes the history, beginning of the Mercy Corps, a Non-religious NGO, and how and what they mobilize in Indonesia to assist victims of tsunami by housing, water, food, and so on. This non-religious organization will be compared with the religious organization. Whether it is any different assistant process, goal fromothers NGOs.


3. Wang Shih Zun, Liou Zai Wu, Liang Yu Fen, Wang Cao Cyun. (2000). Crisis Handle of Case Study in 921 Earthquake. Taipei:Commonwealth Publishing Co., Ltd. These authors interview the government, Tzu Chi Foundation and so on. It is about the experience of 921 earthquake in Taiwan. The first article explains what the Tzu Chi did and gives examples of Tzu Chi people did in 921 earthquake. What reasons make Tzu Chi mobilization so quickly and immediately. The process of mobilization will be useful in my research.

4. Wong Shu Ying, Cai Ming Dian collecte and translate. (2003). NGOs Handbook for United Nations Economic and Social Council. Taipei:National Youth Commission. In one part of this book, the introduction of Care International, the biggest non-religious privacy humanity organization in the world, expresses what Care does, what the goal is, and what the mission in the organization.


5. Wu Mei Huei, Wu Zung Yon, Wu Sin Sian. (1995). The Theory and Practice of Volunteers System. Taipei:Psychology Publishing Co. It divides two parts in the book. The first part of this book explains the system and theory of volunteers. It includes definition, characteristic and innate character of volunteers, as well as the meaning of organization. The second part of this book is the real case study and discussion. The system and theory of volunteers will be discussed about how do the workers of NGOs assist victims and the central value of these volunteers have.

Annotated bibliography from online:

1. Chung Pei Sin. 2004. The Investigation in Social Capital Operated by the Religious and Non-Profit Organizations in Taiwan : Buddhist Tzu-Chi Merits Society As An Example. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/service/detail_result.jsp This is an article about investigation of social capital of Buddhist Tzu Chi Merits Society. The author mentions that mechanism in the process of policy-decision of organization in the end of this article. It may be useful to my research paper about the policy-decision. How the organization does the policy-decision to international assistance.


2. Lee Yo Lan. 2002. Activities of International Assistance in Taiwan’s NGO of case study: Tzu Chi Foundation. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/site/sh/detail_result.jsp?id=090NTU02227012 In this article, it mentions that the activities of international assistance in Tzu Chi. The author tries to find out the outcome and effect of international assistance after she did the survey. Therefore, it may be helpful.


3. Lin Mei Ling. 2004. A Case Study of Fo Guang Shan Foundation of Buddhism Charity Enterprise Development. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:https://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/service/detail_result.jsp There is one part in this article talking about the beginning of Tzu Chi Foundation and when Tzu Chi Foundation started to do international assistance. This will useful for my research about Tzu Chi’s international assistance history.


4. Mercy Corps. 2005. A Year Of Disasters :Accountability Report --Indian Ocean Tsunami. From Mercy Corps online:http://www.mercycorps.org.hk/report.phpIn this annual report, the background, program activities, and financial accountability are mentioned. It will help me to know what Mercy Corps did and provided during the Indian Ocean Tsunami.


5. Tu Jan Ping. 2002. A Case Study of Tzu-Chi Foundation As a Logic of Collective Action Problem. Retrieved July 15, 2003, from eThesys Online:http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/view_etd?URN=etd-0822103-163133This is about the collective actions, developing constant sense of mission and management strategies of Tzu Chi Foundation. The central value and management strategies of Tzu Chi Foundation may be useful to my research paper.