Good Luck to Myself

Sunday, November 26, 2006

draft introduction

There are many NGOs (non-government organizations) to do humanitarian aid in the world. The largest religious NGO in Taiwan is Tzu Chi Foundation which has been forty years since 1966. Dharma Master Cheng Yen is the founder of Tzu Chi Foundation. Tzu Chi members observe the Master’s teachings, follow her steps, and diligently carry out the eight Tzu Chi missions of charity, medicine, education, culture, bone marrow donation, international relief, environmental protection, and community volunteers. The number of Tzu Chi member has grown to over millions compared to only thirty members in the beginning. It is generally believed that Master Cheng Yen influences numerous people to contribute their lives to help poor people in the society.

Sociologist Max Weber coined the term of charisma leadership, meaning pilgrims are look up to the leader as perfect as god. This theory is used by scholars to explain the blooming phenomenon in Tzu Chi Foundation, too. However, Master Cheng Yen is seventy years old now. I am curious that if Tzu Chi Foundation continues after Master Cheng Yen passes away. Will these volunteers continually dedicate their lives to promote the eight missions to work on peace? The purpose of this paper is to find out the loyalty of certificated volunteers, including Tzu Chi commissioners and Tzu Cheng Faith Corps members, and to give some suggestions about the Tzu Chi organization at the end of the paper. The questionnaires are spread to certificated volunteers in north, middle, and south of Taiwan. I predicate the result of members contributing to Tzu Chi Foundation in fifty-fifty chance. In other words, Tzu Chi Foundation keeps going but not thriving as nowadays.

Sunday, November 19, 2006

new methodology

This paper will look into the volunteers’ thought about Master Chen Yen passing away in the future. This paper tries to find out that the Tzu Chi Foundation will exist or not after Master Chen Yen passing away. In this paper, I will do questionnaire survey. The subjects will be the volunteers who have certification in Tzu Chi. The age is range 25 to 70 years old. The number of questionnaires is100 as well as the area including north, middle, south of Taiwan. I will spend two weeks on doing questionnaire on winter vacation of 2007. After that, I will do data analysis, findings and discussion.


1. On Master Cheng Yen’s advice, Ho has dedicated most of his time sine moving to Canada to establishing a North American beachhead for Cheng’s ideas as Tzu Chi literature puts it: To serve the needy and enlighten the rich.” There is certainly no shortage of needy in his adopted country. Ho’s example, meanwhile, has inspired an impressive number of other prosperous newcomers to share his vision of enlightenment through community service. Ho emphasizes that every dollar his members raise is spent directly on charity; members bear the cost of the group’s administration out of their own pockets. (Wood, C.)

In Wood, Chris’ article, Enlightenment Through Service, retrieved October 20, 2006, discusses the example of Ho who doing service in Tzu Chi’s Canada beachhead. Ho contributes his power and promotes other newcomers to help the poor as well as educate the rich through social service. He said that the principle charity of Tzu Chi is that the donated money is used in the poor directly. The disbursement of administration is paid by volunteers themselves.

2. 非營利事業的領導者幾乎都屬於魅力型,不管是宗教團體或非宗教團體,領導魅力的主要來源是宗教式的熱誠。宗教團體更不用說,因為該領導者對教義的闡揚有獨到之處,信徒對於他的說教認同,連帶的也對於其他的生活見解信任,因此,完全無條件尊奉他的指示與領導。(楊繡勳,2003)

In her article, Yon, Sho Shin, Tzu Chi Strategy Research of Internationalization for non-profit Religious Organizations in Taiwan—Example of Tzu Chi Foundation, publishing in 2003, due to the religious enthusiasm, the leaders in religious NGO or non-religious NGO belong to charisma. The followers in religious groups are not only identified the leader’s instruction, but also live up to their daily life.

3. 宗教情操是一個很重要的動力。雖然慈濟在國際援助的過程中,並沒有刻意強調宗教教義的闡釋或者肩負傳教的使命,但對許多慈濟人而言,證嚴法師及其所持的信念,的確是其在面對外界質疑的力量來源。(李幼嵐, 2002)

In Lee, Yo Lan’s article, The Activities of International Aid of NGO in Taiwan—Tzu Chi, publishing in 2002, religious sentiment is one of the important power to do social service through international relief in Tzu Chi. Even though Tzu Chi does not emphasis on the religious belief or does not preach religion painstakingly, the belief and behavior of Master Cheng Yen, for many Tzu Chi people, becomes the major spirit power to face the others critics.

Sunday, November 05, 2006

revise proposal

A Case Study:The Outcome and Meaning of the International Assistance of Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation

By Christina Hsu
Submitted to
Aiden Yeh

Wenzao Ursuline College of Languages
There are many NGOs (non-government organizations) to do humanitarian aid in the world. Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation is a big religious NGO in Taiwan. Why does Tzu Chi also provide international assistance? After Tzu Chi started the international assistance, what are the meaning and outcomes of doing international assistance? Who gets the profit? Is it possible that the world peace come true?
Therefore, this research paper will collect all information from books, research paper and so on about large-scale international assistances activities of Tzu Chi, such as China Assistance, 911 Assistance, Katrina Assistance, and Indonesia Tsunami Assistance. After that, I will try to find out the main belief of Buddhism, analyze these cases, and give suggestions about international assistance. It will include three points about outcomes and meaning, and two suggestions for international assistance.

Buddhism Tzu Chi Foundation has provided a lot of international assistances for fifteen years. I am curious about what Tzu Chi did and what people are influenced. Being a big religious NGO organization, Tzu Chi is a stable power to society. Trying find out the outcomes and meaning of assistance, I will first focus on what the deep power providing Tzu Chi to do international assistance. What is the mainstream belief? This is also discussed in one part of this paper. Then, what these outcomes and meaning is the main point discussion in this research paper. Finally, the two suggestions will be stated in the paper.

Statement of the Problem
1. What is the mainstream belief of Buddhism? Is it possible that the world peace come true?
2. What outcomes and meaning does Tzu Chi provide international assistance?
3. How to do the belief of helping and educating poor people and educating rich people?

Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to find out the meaning and outcomes of Tzu Chi doing international assistances. After that, I will give suggestions. The meaning and outcomes will be included three points which are self-accomplishment, promotion of world peace, and invisible diplomacy. Finally, the suggestions will be included two points which are professional workers’ training of Tzu Chi Foundation and seek the local government’s support.

Literature Review
This study will begin on Maggie Black’s book. (2003) (Hsu Heng Shu translate (2005). This book divides four parts of international development. I will mention the first part which is the beginning and definition of international development because the international development is related to the international assistance. After understanding the beginning of NGO’s international assistance, I will focus on the six characters of NGO which is mentioned in Chung Pei Sin’s research paper (2004).
The second part of the paper, I will enter the Tzu Chi’s international assistance history, which talks about the beginning of Tzu Chi Foundation and when Tzu Chi Foundation started to do international assistance. Lin Mei Ling (2004) together with how the organization does the policy-decision to international assistance. In other professor’s research paper, Yon Sho Shin (2003), the author mentions the process, the principles, and five strategy forms of international assistance of Tzu Chi. After that, in Cho Su Chang’s article from magazine (2005, December), the author says that the process of assistance in Indonesia tsunami and what Tzu Chi provides and comforts is mentioned in the article. In Tzu Chi Monthly, the author Pon Shan (2006 April) mentions three steps which means short-term plan, mid-term plan, and long-term plan in disaster assistance.
Lee Yo Lan (2002) mentions that the activities of international assistance in Tzu Chi and tries to find out the outcomes and effects of international assistance after she did the survey. In discussion part, Wu Mei Huei, Wu Zung Yon, Wu Sin Sian (1995), the book is talking about the system and theory of volunteers related to the cause and inner motivation of being volunteers. This part will explain how the victims of tsunami become the volunteers who help other victims.

The Design-Methods and Procedures
This research paper will adopt method of information collection. I will collect all information about Tzu Chi Foundation done in the area of international assistance, including China Assistance, 911 Assistance, Katrina Assistance, and Indonesia Tsunami Assistance. After that, I will try to find out and analyze what outcomes and meaning after Tzu Chi provide assistances as well as the suggestions about international assistances of Tzu Chi.

Self-accomplishment, world peace, and invisible diplomacy will be the main points of outcomes and meaning. In addition, professional workers’ training of Tzu Chi Foundation and seek the local government’s support are brought up to improve the international assistance. And the world peace may be come true.

I think the best way of doing research paper is to involve in the situation about international assistance. That will discover more questions and the point of view will be deeper than what I just collect all information to analyze.

Significance of the Study
There are two points of contribution in this research paper. First, it will encourage people who work in international assistance and give them some suggestions to do better in the future. Second, I hope that this paper will enlightenment more people to help suffering people.
1. Chung Pei Sin. 2004. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:
2. Cho Su Chang. (2005, December). The follow-up Report:After Indonesia Tsunami. (pp. 147-161) Taipei:Rhythms Publishing Co.
3. Lee Yo Lan. 2002. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:
4. Lin Mei Ling. 2004. From Electronic Theses and Dissertations System:
5. Maggie Black. (2003) (Hsu Heng Shu translate (2005). The No-Nonsense Guide to International Development. Taipei:Bookman Publishing Co.
6. Pon Shan. (2006 April). Tzu Chi Forty Years Report. (pp. 26~55). Taipei:Chong Hua Publishing Co.
7. Wu Mei Huei, Wu Zung Yon, Wu Sin Sian. (1995). The Theory and Practice of Volunteers System. Taipei:Psychology Publishing Co.
8. Yon Sho Shin. 2003. Tzu Chi Strategy Research of Internationalization for non-profit Religious Organizations in Taiwan—Example of Tzu Chi Foundation. Retrieved June 6, 2003, from eThesys Online: